One of the factors practices the development circle of a green supply chain. It is the stage of material selection and availability of materials. Because traditional materials in the textile industry can have a significant impact on the environment. It will become a humanity landfill, if not handled properly. Therefore, the raw materials selection instead of traditional materials will be the first bricks to build a sustainable textile ecosystem.

And now, natural materials are derived from plants (cotton, flax, jute), animals (sheep, goats), and artificial cellulose materials, synthetic materials. These are all popular materials on the market, meeting environmental sustainability standards (According to Textile Exchange)

1. Materials of natural origin

  • Organic cotton

The Organic Cotton market is taking advantage in terms of consumption, with about 25% market share in 2019. Due to development programs such as ABRAPA, Better Cotton Initiative (BCI), etc. With its superior characteristics, Organic Cotton can be quickly recycled and be carbon-balanced when the plant’s materials absorb instead of emitting CO2. It is easily degradable in soil and water environments. Therefore, it is a solution to reduce the production of non-recyclable resources such as petroleum, coal, and artificial fibers such as Polyester, Nylon, etc.

  • Vegan material

This is one of the small segments of natural fabrics, with 100% plant-based ingredients. Therefore, the factories have applied the ecological dyeing process, which is non-toxic. For example, the Algae Apparel brand once won the H&M Global Innovation Awards 2018 for its uniqueness. It produces biological materials from seaweed and is friendly to users.

2. Raw materials of animal origin

  • Wool

Wool is one of the materials receiving high appreciation from consumers with the market dominance. The transition of pine wool to non-mulesing and priority wool programs is increasing. Adoption of responsible wool standards (RWS). Help address the issues of responsible land use, biodiversity, and animal welfare. Moreover, it makes it easy for consumers to trace the origin of wool and ensures products are original ethically, and sustainably.

3. Raw materials of recycled origin

  • Recycled polyester

As one of the fibers with a great market share of about 14% in 2019. Because the Polyester fabric is artificial fabric recycled from old plastic bottles instead of using new materials to make the fabric (petroleum). Create a good start in recycling textiles and improve social conditions in waste collection and recycling.